Complex carbohydrates can be either refined or unrefined. Whole wheat flour (atta) is known as an unrefined carbohydrate because the bran (outer skin of the grain) is retained. Rich in fiber and other important micronutrients, unrefined carbohydrates are a more wholesome choice of food for everyday consumption.
As the name suggests, refined wheat flour (maida) is a refined carbohydrate. All cereals belonging to this category lose their fiber and micronutrient content in the refining process. Eating too much refined carbohydrates can cause health problems ranging from cavities to gastric irritation and constipation.
Given below are examples of unrefined and refined carbohydrates.
- Atta (Wheat)
- Brown bread
- Brown rice
- Polished rice
- White bread